Sore throat

DrBole Com Sore throat and its causes Dr Arvind C Kacker ENT Specialist Delhi ENT Multi Speciality Hospital

 

What is a Sore Throat?
A sore throat refers to pain, itchiness, or irritation of the throat. You may have difficulty swallowing food and liquids, and the pain may get worse when you try to swallow. Throat pain is the primary symptom of a sore throat. However, other symptoms may include a dry throat, swollen glands in the neck, white patches on the tonsils, and hoarseness.

A sore throat can affect people of all ages—however, the risk of a sore throat is higher in some people. This includes children, smokers, allergy sufferers, and people with a compromised immune system. Sharing a close space with others also increases the risk of upper respiratory infections that can present initially as a sore throat.

 


Causes of a Sore Throat
There are several causes of a sore throat.

Viral Infection

The majority of sore throats are triggered by a viral infection. These are infections caused by a virus, such as the cold and flu.

Other types of viral infections include:

mononucleosis: infectious disease typically transmitted through saliva
measles: contagious illnesses characterized by a distinct rash and fever
chickenpox: infection that causes skin sores
croup: infection of the larynx
Bacterial Infection

A bacterial infection can also cause a sore throat. These types of infections include:

strep throat: inflammation of the throat caused by the Streptococcal bacteria
diphtheria: infectious disease that causes throat inflammation
whooping cough: disease of the respiratory mucous membrane
Environmental Factors

Not all sore throats are viral or bacterial. There are several other causes of throat pain. If you’re allergic to mold, pet dander, pollen, or other irritants, exposure to these allergens can trigger post-nasal drip. This is when excess mucus accumulates in the back of your throat. This accumulation can irritate your throat and cause pain or inflammation.

Dry air can also make your throat feel raw and scratchy. Smoking cigarettes or exposure to cigarette smoke can trigger persistent sore throats, as well as throat strain from yelling or too much talking.

GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux disease may also cause your sore throat. This is a digestive condition characterized by the back flow of stomach acid into the esophagus. This condition causes an array of symptoms, such as a sore throat, hoarseness, heartburn, and nausea.

Other Causes

In very rare cases, a sore throat may be a sign of HIV or throat cancer.

DrBole Com Symptoms Risk Factors prevention and an advice for Sore Throat Dr Arvind C Kacker ENT Specialist 

 

Sore Throat Definition
Pain (or poorly) throat is a symptom that is usually associated with an inflammation of the area. The groove at a crossroads aero-digestive tract is an area behind the mouth, before the bifurcation into the trachea (towards the bronchi and lungs) and esophagus (towards the stomach and all the digestive tract). It is composed of the tonsils, pharynx, larynx.

A sore throat can be a more or less intense burning, tingling sensation or a simple drought. It may be at the back of the throat, middle or on the sides. It interferes with swallowing solid foods only for or liquids .. It can be isolated or accompanied by other symptoms such as fever, headache, body aches, fatigue.

Sore Throat

Sore Throat Causes
Sore throat is a symptom, not a disease, found in different conditions.

The characteristics of the pain and associated signs, will diagnose the cause.

Angina often with severe pain on the sides of the throat, especially when swallowing felt (even saliva) in the tonsils (one or both sides). The tonsils are usually enlarged, and red.

Tracheitis inflammation is lower with pain rather central type, irritation, burning or “as if there were crumbs stuck”, usually associated with a dry cough very irritating and painful, often straight.

Pharyngitis pain with a more central, the bottom of the throat, burning pain, without affecting the tonsils and often associated with cold (nasopharyngitis). Secretions of the sinuses that drain into the throat instead of evacuating the nose and nostrils are irritate the throat and cause coughing more or less fat, reflex to remove these secretions.

Fungi (mushrooms), canker sores and herpes can spread to the throat and cause spontaneous pain or swallowing.

A foreign body easily identified by the context: eg acute onset of pain during a meal of fish which makes suspect the presence of an edge.

Gastro oesophageal reflux can cause throat irritation by acid reflux, often associated with a dry cough. These symptoms are often early morning, after a long elongated station that promotes reflux.

The throat cancer is much rarer. Most often, it is a person over 40 years who drinks and smokes a lot and gradually feels difficulty in swallowing. Paradoxically, it is sometimes easier to swallow solid food and liquid.

An increase in volume of the thyroid gland – goiter or tumor – may cause discomfort, but the neck as the throat itself.

Laryngitis is an inflammation of the larynx and vocal cords so. It causes an impairment of voice (aphonia up) but usually causes no pain throat if it is isolated.

Sore Throat Risk Factors
Some factors increase the risk of developing sore throat:

– Age: children are very susceptible to viral infections ENT, especially if it is in contact with many other children (school, nursery);

– People come into contact with too much air, improperly adjusted or poorly maintained (which become “nests microbes”);

– Some business times alternating heat and cold (work in cold rooms, for example).

– People with reduced immune defense capacity

– Allergic land: in these cases, the sore throat is often seasonal;

– Tobacco;

– Alcoholism;

– Radiotherapy;

Sore Throat Preventive
Some daily behaviors can reduce the risk of onset of sore throat.

Well protected from climatic variations and temperature changes encountered during a single day. Some fashions (sweaters short and necklines, open shirt, pants and hipster) expose the “drafts” and cold, perfect way to develop inflammation ENT.

In winter, do not hesitate to cover: socks, gloves, scarf.

In summer, when in contact with air, to dress in layers so you can adjust to temperature changes.

Fall or spring cover you in the morning and evening.Remember the proverb in April you do not discover a thread in May and do what you please

Ventilate rooms where we live and work to prevent the accumulation of dust and viruses.

Have a healthy lifestyle in order to have optimal defense capabilities

– Drink alcohol in moderation

– Do not smoke, and avoid passive smoking (inhaling smoke)

– Have a sleep “fixer”, regular physical activity to maintain a good physical condition.

– Adopt a healthy diet and season

 

DrBole Com Diagnosis and the necessity to see a doctor for Sore Throat Dr Arvind C Kacker ENT Specialist

 

Sore Throat Diagnosis & Tests

 

Your doctor may do a rapid strep test, a throat culture or both. A rapid strep test will give results fast (usually within about 15 minutes). But the test won’t tell if your sore throat is caused by a bacterium other than Streptococcus or if it’s caused by a virus. A throat culture takes longer (between 24 and 48 hours) but it’s more accurate. If your doctor thinks you may have mono, he or she will probably do a blood test.

 

 

 

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